Thursday, February 12, 2015

Blocked Fallopian Tubes – A Common Cause for Infertility in Women

One of the most common causes of infertility in women today is the blocked fallopian tubes which doesn’t allow the flow of eggs to the uterus and block the sperm to reach the egg which of course prevents fertilization and pregnancy. According to some statistics more than 35% of women that have problems with infertility have this condition. While some cases of fallopian tube blockage can be solved relatively quickly and easily and women can get pregnant fast, in other cases women are subjected to various tests and treatments to become pregnant, but it seems that nothing can help them achieve their desire. So what exactly causes this blockage in the fallopian tubes?

Each month, when ovulation begins, a single egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube where it is supposed to be inseminated in case the woman had an unprotected sex. No matter what happens (whether she is inseminated or not), this ovum travels down the oviduct and reaches the uterus. In some women there is possibility that only one of the tubes is blocked and in order to increase the likelihood of conception, doctors often prescribe hormone therap. In addition, there is a possibility that the fallopian tube is not blocked entirely, but only partially which can lead to ectopic pregnancy and this type of pregnancy can lead to many complications in case the women decides to choose abortion and complications when she decides to get pregnant again.

So, pregnancy is possible only if there is one fallopian tube that is blocked, but if both tubes are clogged there is no chance for pregnancy. In this case, the next step is to determine what is causing the blockage. When we talk about symptoms it is good to point out that they are very rare and in most cases they don’t exist. When it comes to other similar problems like lack of ovulation, women can easily notice the symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles. Blockage of the fallopian tubes can sometimes be noticed through unusual abdominal pain and vaginal discharge. But remember that most women won’t notice anything wrong with their reproductive system.

The most common cause of blocked fallopian tubes is cervicitis or swelling/inflammation of the cervix. The most common cause of this inflammation is one of the common sexually transmitted diseases such as HPV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes and trichomoniasis. You should keep in mind that cervicitis is not caused only by these diseases, but some bacterial inflammation can be the cause too. Unfortunately even after treating these diseases one of the results of their effects are blocked fallopian tubes.

Hysterosalpungography or HSG is a procedure in which a certain amount of contrast fluid is inserted in the cervix. After that, with the help of X-rays the fluid is observed while it is going through the sexual organs including fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tubes are blocked the fluid will not go through all the parts. This is the easiest way to determine whether some women is suffering from blocked fallopian tubes, but this method doesn’t provide correct results all the time.